Important Dates in Thailand

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1351 Legendary foundation of Ayutthaya
1569 First fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese
1767 Second fall of Ayutthaya
1782 New capital established at Bangkok; King Yotfa, Rama I, accedes
1822 First trade treaty with Britain signed, negotiated by John Crawfurd
1851 King Mongkut, Rama IV, accedes
1855 Bowring treaty signed
1863 French protectorate of Cambodia established
1868 King Chulalongkorn, Rama V, accedes
1872 Chulalongkorn visits India
1874 Front Palace Incident takes place; Anglo-Siamese Treaty over
Chiang Mai signed; edict abolishing slavery issued
1885 Prince Prisdang’s memorial on a constitution prepared
1890 Privy Purse Bureau established
1892 Ministerial council formed
1893 French gunboats threaten Bangkok (Paknam Incident); Ministry
of Interior founded
1897 Chulalongkorn makes first visit to Europe
1901 Ubon phumibun revolt takes place
1902 Revolts break out in Phrae and the southern states revolt; Sangha
Act passed
1905 Conscription edict issued
1908 Sun Yat-Sen visits Bangkok
1909 Anglo-Siamese Treaty finalizes Siam’s boundaries
1910 King Vajiravudh, Rama VI, accedes; Chinese strike in Bangkok
1912 Plot uncovered in military
1913 Nationality Act passed; Surname Act passed; Vajiravudh’s The Jews
of the East published
1916 Chulalongkorn University founded
1917 Siamese contingent established to fight on Allied side in Europe;
first ‘political newspaper’ published
1920 Prince Damrong’s Our Wars with the Burmese first published
1923 Press Act passed; W. C. Dodd’s The Tai Race published
1925 King Prajadhipok, Rama VII, accedes
1927 People’s Party founded in Paris
1928 Kulap Saipradit’s Luk phu chai (A Real Man) published; Khun
Wichitmatra’s Lak Thai (Origins of the Thai) published; Wichit
Wathakan’s Mahaburut (Great Men) published; Japanese goods
boycotted
1930 Ho Chi Minh (intermittently in Siam since 1928 organizing
Vietnamese ´emigr´es) forms Communist Party of Siam
1932 Revolution converts absolute monarchy to constitutional
monarchy (24 June)
1933 Boworadet Revolt takes place
1934 Thammasat University founded; Phibun becomes minister of
defence and army chief
1935 King Prajadhipok abdicates
1936 Wichit Wathakan’s play Luat Suphan (Blood of Suphanburi) first
performed
1937 Japanese imports boycotted second time
1938 Phibun becomes prime minister; Thai Rice Company formed
1939 Siam renamed Thailand; series of state edicts starts; Constitution
Monument completed
1941 Japanese army enters Thailand; Thailand declares war on Allies;
battle with French takes place
1942 Phibun’s Sangha Act passed; Communist Party of Thailand
refounded
1944 Seri Thai network established; Phibun ousted as prime minister;
Bangkok Bank founded
1945 Seni Pramoj recalled from USA to front peace negotiations
1946 Pridi’s constitution passed; King Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII,
dies; King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Rama IX, accedes; First May Day
rally is held
1947 First national labour federation formed; coup returns Phibun to
power
1948 Troubles in Muslim south after Haji Sulong’s arrest; Communist
Party of Thailand (CPT) adopts Maoist strategy
1949 Palace Rebellion occurs; Pridi flees
1950 Phibun makes a sweep against Peace Movement
1951 King Rama IX returns to Thailand; Silent or Radio Coup occurs;
first US military aid arrives
1954 Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) formed
1955 Phibun’s democracy interlude occurs
1957 Sarit Thanarat takes power by coup; Mitraphap highway
completed
1958 Sarit’s second coup and repression takes place
1960 Thai troops fight in Laos
1961 Khrong Chandawong executed; CPT forms first rural base in
Phuphan
1962 Sarit’s Sangha Act passed; Rusk-Khoman agreement confirms US
security alliance
1963 Sarit dies, succeeded by Thanom Kittikhachon; Social Science
Review founded
1964 First air strike on Vietnam flown from Thailand
1965 ‘First shot’ of communist insurgency
1966 Jit Phumisak shot dead in Phuphan
1967 Thai troops fight in South Vietnam; Hmong rebellion takes place
in northern hills
1968 Constitution restored
1971 Thanom makes a coup against his own government and abrogates
the constitution; Village Scouts formed
1972 Students protest against Japanese goods, and for restoration of
constitution
1973 Student uprising fells Thanom (14 October)
1974 Peasants Federation of Thailand (PFT) formed; workers strike at
Dusit Thani Hotel
1975 Elected governments headed by Kukrit and Seni Pramoj;
Nawaphon and Red Gaurs formed; US troops start to depart
1976 Massacre at Thammasat University and military coup occurs
(6 October)
1979 Elections and parliament restored
1980 Prem Tinsulanond becomes prime minister; political policy to end
insurgency launched
1981 Failed April Fool’s Day Coup occurs
1984 Baht devalued
1985 A coup fails; Chamlong Srimuang elected mayor of Bangkok
1986 Nidhi Eoseewong’s study of King Taksin published
1987 Remnants of CPT arrested; Sujit Wongthet’s Jek pon Lao (Chinese
Mixed with Lao) published
1988 Chatichai Choonhavan becomes first elected prime minister since
1976; Nam Choan dam project cancelled
1991 Military coup by National Peacekeeping Council (NPKC) takes
place; Anand Panyarachun becomes prime minister
1992 NPKC prime minister Suchinda Kraprayun forced out by street
demonstrations of ‘Black May’; Kho Jo Ko protest against forest
resettlement takes place; Phumpuang Duangjan dies; Chuan
Leekpai becomes prime minister
1994 Thai Culture Promotion Year celebrated; King Bhumibol’s
sufficiency farming scheme instigated; Pak Mun dam completed
1995 Constitution Drafting Assembly established; Assembly of the Poor
founded
1996 Banharn Silpa-archa ousted after no-confidence debate
1997 Assembly of the Poor 99-day protest takes place; ‘People’s
Constitution’ passed; economic crisis begins
1998 Thai Rak Thai Party founded by Thaksin Shinawatra
2001 Thaksin Shinawatra becomes prime minister
2003 ‘War on drugs’ claims over 2500 lives
2004 Militancy in the far south revived with Narathiwat armoury raid,
Krue-se and Tak Bai incidents take place
2006 Thaksin government overthrown by coup
2007 New constitution accepted in national referendum; December
elections usher in coalition headed by People Power Party (PPP)
with Samak Sundaravej as prime minister
2008 After Yellow Shirt demonstration closes Bangkok airport, PPP
government removed by courts; Abhisit Vejjajiva of the Democrat
Party becomes prime minister
2009 Large military operation clears Red Shirt demonstration at Thai
New Year
2010 Massive Red Shirt demonstrations end in May 2010 with around a
hundred deaths
2011 Pheu Thai wins absolute majority at July election; Yingluck
Shinawatra becomes Thailand’s first female prime minister
2013 Amnesty bill designed to allow Thaksin to return fails after
massive urban protest

A History of Thailand

Chris Baker taught Asian history at Cambridge University and has
lived in Thailand for over 30 years. He is now an independent writer,
researcher and translator.

Pasuk Phongpaichit is Professor in the Faculty of Economics,
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok. She has written widely in Thai
and English on the Thai economy, sex industry, corruption, illegal
economy and inequality.

 

 

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