These holidays are defined in article 18 of the Afghan constitution from 2004. The holidays occur on a fixed dates and are celebrated in all Afghanistan.
- Juma (Friday):
The week ends on Friday (Juma) which is the day of rest.
- Jeshen (Independence day): 28th Asad = 19th August (18th August in leap years)
The 28th of Asad (19th of August, in leap years 18th August) is the national holiday. Remembering that Afghanistan got its independence in 1919 after the end of the 3th Anglo-Afghan war.
- Victory Day: 8th Saur = 28th April (27th April in leap years)
The 8th Saur (28th April, in leap years 27th March) remembers the fall of the pro-soviet regime in 1992.
Besides the holidays above the following holidays are also celebrated partly.
* The islamic holidays depend on the Hejrah-e qamari calendar. The dates are observed by autorities rather than pre-computed. The exact dates may vary according to the sighting of the moon.
- Ashura: 10th Muharram*
Ashura is an Arabic word meaning “ten”. It is celebrated on the 10th day of the Hejrah-e qamari month Muharram. It is the day that the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Husayn, was killed at the battle of Kerbala.
- Mawleed al-Nabi (Prophet’s birthday): 12th Rabi al-Awal*
It is celebrated on the 12th day of the Hejrah-e qamari month Rabi’ al-Awal. On this day the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad is celebrated.
- Awal Ramadan (First of Ramadan): 1st Ramadan*
This holiday is celebrated at the 1st of the Hejrah-e qamari month Ramadan. It marks the beginning of the fasting month Ramadan.
- Laylat al-Qaddr (Night of Measure): ≈ 27th Ramadan*
Muslims believe that it was on this night that God has first send down the first verses of the Quran via the angel Gabriel to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is also the anniversary of the night in which the Quran was first communicated in its entirety to Muhammad. The Quran (sura Al’Qadr) regards this night better than one thousand months.
There is a uncertainty about the exact date. It is believed that the night is in the last third of the Hejrah-e qamari month Ramadan. The most likely date is the night of the 27th (e.g. night from 26th to 27th) of Ramadan.
- Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramazan): 1st Shawwal*
Eid is the arabic word for feast. The holiday is celebrated at the end of Ramadan, at the 1st of the Hejrah-e qamari month Shawwal. Celebrations extend up to three days.
- Arafat: 9th Zul al-Hijjah*
On the mountain of Arafat also known as Jabal ar-Rahmah (Mountain of Mercy) the Islamic prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell sermon at the end of his life. Arafat is celebrated one day before Eid al-Adha (Festival of sacrifice) on the 9th of the Hejrah-e qamari month Zul al-Hijjah.
- Eid al-Adha or Eid al-Qurban (Festival of Sacrifice): 10th Zul al-Hijjah*
This festival commemorates the prophet Abraham’s devotion to God. Celebrations extend up to three days.
- Nauruz (New Year): 1st Hammal = 21st March (20th March in leap years)
The Hejrah-e shamsi year starts on 1st Hammal (21st March, in leap years 20th March), which is the New year’s day (Nauruz). Nauruz is celebrated all over in Afghanistan. This holiday occurs on a fixed date.